It first takes 7 cycles after you delegate to bake your first tezzies. It then takes 5 cycles for the network to unfreeze the baked rewards.
So a total of 12 cycles, after that you will constantly receive payouts as long as you keep delegating.
It is totally possible to pay you before that but it will lead to lack of bonds and most likely waste of rewards.
We use an automated script to distribute the rewards to our delegators, it will run as soon as the rewards are unfrozen for a given cycle !